What are the different methods of exfoliation?

What are the different methods of exfoliation?

Exfoliation is an important part of any skincare routine. Gone are the days of harsh scrubs which irritate the skin; a good exfoliant should gently exfoliate and not damage or inflame the skin. Skin cells grow from beneath the surface and migrate upwards.

Exfoliants help to facilitate this process by working to remove dead skin cells on the surface to reveal the under layer of new, healthy skin cells.

Hydroxy-acid exfoliation

Use of Poly-hydroxy-acids, alpha-hydroxy-acids and beta-hydroxy-acids can be useful exfoliants as they assist healthy skin cell turnover and gently degrade impurities and skin comedogenic factors. These hydroxy-acids are naturally derived from sources such as fermented sugar and fruit. Glycolic acid and Salicylic acid can be used in higher concentrations under the care of a Medical aesthetic practitioner to resurface the skin in non-invasive chemical peel treatments, while the daily use of an exfoliant containing a 2% concentration of salicylic acid is a clinically effective acne treatment.
Lactic acid is thought to increase skin hydration as well as exfoliate the skin, and is a good exfoliant choice for those with dry skin.
Enzyme exfoliation
Biological enzymes can be effective at digesting the material holding the layer of dead skin cells together which contribute to dull, dry skin. Papain is one biological enzyme used, and produces a softening effect on the skin.

Mechanical exfoliation
Dry, dead skin can be buffed away mechanically with a tool such as a sponge, or exfoliating extracts such as oatmeal. Mechanical exfoliation should be undertaken with caution, as any course scrub can damage and irritate the skin causing inflammation, redness and trauma to the skin. Gentle exfoliants such as oatmeal and fine coffee grounds can be used, but with a gentle cloth and no abrasive materials. The best exfoliants should leave your skin smooth and soft, and never dry your skin out.
Microdermabrasion is another mechanical exfoliation technique undertaken by Medical aesthetic professionals in a clinic environment. Micro crystals remove and buff away the surface layer of affected skin.  Microdermabrasion can be an effective treatment for light scarring, hyperpigmentation and stretch marks whereas Dermabrasion must be undertaken in a clinic and can treat deeper skin damage and more advanced skin ageing. 


For more information on skin renewal techniques, please feel free to contact us at info@revivify.london or call us on 020 3287 2717