In your fifties and sixties, you may notice some more signs of facial ageing such as loss of volume, sun damage, age spots as well as deep set expression lines and wrinkles. The ageing process is global, there are bony, muscular and fat pad changes as well as skin changes.
Although not a magic wand, there are some highly effective formulations available to use at home that work to repair your skin and prevent further damage such as:
• treat and prevent sun damage
• boost collagen production
• reverse fine lines and wrinkles
• protect the skin
• decrease moisture loss from the skin
In this series, we discuss the science behind improving your skin with a daily skincare routine that works with the natural repair cycles of the body. Typically, the key stages in rejuvenating mature skin is to resurface, repair, and fortify.
Loss of collagen, elastin, and hyaluronic acid can result in thinning, and dry skin. It is important to choose gentle products that actively repair the skin and don’t result in the skin becoming more fragile or compromised. Choose gentle cleansers and soap-free cleansers; soaps affect the skin’s pH and remove skin’s natural oils that provide protection. Key signs of this include skin tightness, a stinging sensation and skin dryness after cleansing.
For resetting the clock on your skin, naturally derived Alpha Hydroxy Acids (AHA) such as glycolic acid can resurface the skin and produce smoother skin. Alpha hydroxyl acids work by stimulating cell turnover (production of new cells), and also dissolve the bonds holding dead skin cells on the surface of the skin to help with their exfoliation.
Retinols also work by reversing sun damage and signs of ageing but usually need to be used under the care of your healthcare professional (aesthetic practitioner) to ensure the right concentration is used and side effects are minimised.
Moisturisers work by preventing water loss from the skin, therefore decreasing dryness. Moisturisers with next generation peptides can help fortify the skin, and stimulate collagen production, this can help increase firmness of the skin. There are products available that utilise plant stem cells, which are thought to prolong the longevity of our own stem cells; vital for new skin cell renewal and production.
Serums with the right active ingredients can rejuvenate your skin and help cellular repair. Antioxidant extracts such as citric acid, L-ascorbic acid, green tea extract and certain fruit extracts can help fight free radical damage and protect the skin. When choosing an antioxidant rich serum, opt for an antioxidant complex with several different antioxidants as often antioxidants work in synergy with each other for maximum benefit; a common example is a vitamin C & E ferulic serum.
It is important to use a high factor sunscreen, and apply a generous amount of sunscreen daily even when it isn’t sunny. Skin discolouration can be decreased by formulations that inhibit melanin, the pigment responsible for age spots and hyperpigmentation.